RE: [10GBASE-T] latency
I am having a little trouble with some of the assumptions of this entire
If you have a special need for low latency at 10 Gig for cluster
computing then we already have a solution, 10GBASE-CX4.
I would say that it is not particularly appropriate at this time to even
presume that we have legitimate requirements for Ethernet where the
coding delay in a PHY is significant for a speed for which we are not
doing CSMA/CD (whose round-trip time was the traditional driver of the
low latency requirements).
There has been a lot of talk about fiddling the latency to meet the
requirements for a topic for which there has not even been a Call For
This leads me to believe that all of the talk in getting this study group
approved, in which there were claims of more than adequate "Broad
Market Potential" were not quite as true as was depicted. There was
no mention of the BMP of 10GBASE-T being latency dependent during the PAR
Does all this discussion mean that you wish to revisit the basis on which
the 10GBASE-T was granted?
Ethernet is at its MOST BASIC level is designed to be a connection for
loosely coupled systems. This has been the source of its success. I am
perfectly willing to explore new avenues for Ethernet. I am not willing
to cross out multiple pieces of its basic nature just to chase every
corner of the data transfer market. It is NOT just the name
"Ethernet" that is the basis of its success.
The most significant things that 10GBASE-T needs for its success
processing that can tolerate its speed and complexity requirements
enough market for a general purpose "Ethernet" interconnect at
for the development and
the part cost down
At 11:16 AM 2/23/2004 -0800, Bruce Tolley wrote:
Thanks for the summary
I would argue that early 10GBASE_T switching products should be sold to
early adopters at National Labs and other R&D sites building
clusters. We need this community to come to the TF and state its latency
requirement in the 2006 timeframe and determine the tradeoffs.
At 10:54 AM 2/23/2004 -0800, Jonathan Thatcher wrote:
been numerous interesting and correct comments made. A subset of these
apply only in certain contexts. To that end, I will attempt to add some
There is little question that
lower latency increases the market potential. There is little question
that lower prices (read that less complexity), and earlier time to market
also increases the potential market. The problem is that these fight
against each other, and the optimization point is not clear.
I presume that there are two
principal application spaces for 10GBASE-T in the near term: data center
and enterprise (home and school will probably have to wait a couple of
years :-). If you want a strict boundary between these two spaces, I
can't provide it. So we will have to deal with some ambiguity. In the
enterprise, it is difficult to argue that low latency is as critical as
low price. The exception to this would be low latency applications that
want to be set up as a "grid computer," which I will lump into
the "data center" bucket.
The data center, on the other
hand, has instances where both low latency is required (clustered
computing) and higher latency is acceptable (most file serving). From a
parallel computing perspective, there are classes of problems
(applications) that range from low latency NUMA to those that are
"embarrassingly parallel (e.g.
From the perspective of the
upcoming "Data Center Ethernet" (may not be the best name) call
for interest, the intent is to explore those means that can be used to
decrease latency in Ethernet networks. If one is to presume that this
should be a key application space for 10GBASE-T, then it would be
interesting to understand the trade-off between latency and complexity.
It may be the case, that even under the most complex scenario, that
10GBASE-T latency is simply insufficient for entire classes of low
So, the question remains, what
does the complexity vs latency curve look like? I expect that it is
something like the left side of a bathtub curve (vertical axis is
latency, horizontal axis is complexity). What is the inflection point?
What is the slope of the falling portion of the curve? What is the
Senior Manager, Emerging Technologies
Gigabit Systems Business Unit
170 West Tasman Drive
MS SJ B2
San Jose, CA 95134-1706
ip phone: 408-526-4534
"Don't put your hiking boots in the oven unless you plan on eating
Colin Fletcher, The Complete Walker