Re: PAM-5, what are your BERs ?
Edward Chang wrote:
> I did not realize that your proposal using FEC error correction.
> How about the component and system interoperability issue. Should we
> qualify each component at BER of 10^-12 or at 10^-3 (as you mentioned in
> another e-mail)? When multi vendor's components are mixed in a link, what
> BER we should use in test to assure their interchangeability.
> At what subsystem level, we should add FEC to qualify a link to pass BER of
> Edward S. Chang
FEC is transparent to the user and testing. During testing
of ANY receiver of any proposal you count the number of
digital bits ('zeros' and 'ones' going to the MAC that are
in error and either you meet the 10^(-12) BER or not.
By the way: My proposal is solid enough that I included
Viterbi decoding (FEC) as an option to be decided later
whether to include it or not (see my email "PAM-5 at
1.25 Gbaud", from Feb 15 and the accompanying pdf
file that I posted then on the web site)
Either way, with or without FEC, my proposal provides
a nice and wide open optical (and electrical) eye at the
receiver end, so initial testing of the link up to the
receiver input, in order to get an additional feeling
whether the receiver (ANY receiver) will have a
reasonable chance to get a 10^(-12) BER is also
And then, after checking the eye at the input of the
receiver, if you want to know whether the receiver itself
is good enough, you just look at the digital 'ones' and
'zeros' at the other end of the receiver and count the
number of bits in error to measure the BER.
You hit on a nice point and potential advantage of
using FEC compared to other methods that do not:
During testing one could save testing time performing
a simple screening test: Disable the Viterbi decoder
and measure the larger BER without FEC. Since
the BER without FEC will be of the order of 10^(-3)
- 10^(-4), you can run a very fast test to throw away the
non compliant receivers and save the more consuming
compliance tests to the remaining chips.that passed
this less stringent BER test : -)
Jaime E. Kardontchik
San Jose, CA 95131