Re: XSBI: cls51 PCS output timing
The difference in the XSBI spec is not in the PCS, PMA output but rather the
PMA and PCS inputs ... setup and hold times. The PMA is spec'd at a min
of 250ps while the PCS input is spec'd for 300ps. The thinking at the time
was that the PMA technology would be "better" and can take less setup and
hold times (250ps vs 300ps), i.e. it can latch faster.
Upon recent further thinking, this asymmetry on the budget for TX and RX does
not make sense. I would say that the budget for the PCB/connector/traces
would have to be the same in both directions. Thus ... either the PMA output
would need to tighten up or the PCS input would also have to meet the 250ps
setup and hold.
I would think that the system designer would opt for the maintaining a 600ps
In a message dated 12/12/00 6:58:56 PM Pacific Standard Time,
I asked my apps engineer and looked in the OIF document that the XSBI
was based on. The numbers look reasonable. The only thing I question
is why have a difference between the PCS output and PMA output.
- Board traces can be long. Customers will push the limit.
We have seen 15 inches used. Board trace on the system board,
board trace on a module. If you delay the clock by trace, this
also adds ~5" trace length. There is variability between layers
which makes for skew. With +/- 10% FR4, the skew is about 15% in
time which could be 350+ ps.
- clock jitter (175 ps according to the specification)
- connector will add noise, crosstalk, and skew. (50-100ps)
- clock duty cycle if inverting the clock. (160ps with 40/60 duty cycle)
Total board skew could be 350+175+100+160=785ps by inverting the clock.
Total board skew with etch delay could be 350+175+100=625ps.
With VERY optimistic numbers (5" clock delay+ 2.5" trace delay)
and not inverting the clock:
Getting board skew to 600ps can be a challenge depending on your
situation. Especially in production.
> Below is a msg string in regards to PCS and XSBI timing, specifically the
> setup and hold numbers that are currently in Draft 2.0. I would like to
> the system board designers inputs on the discussion below. Thanks in
> advance for your assistance.
> Justin Chang
> Quake Technologies, Inc.
> 50 Airport Parkway, San Jose, CA. 95110
> Tel: 408-437-7723 email: firstname.lastname@example.org
> Fax: 408-437-4923 internet: www.quaketech.com
> On the PCS output it's not the 600ps board spec that's tight. It's the
> 1100ps PCS output spec.
> As you point out, we want more setup/hold time for the PCS in the other
> direction. Similarly we need to allow more slack to the PCS in the
> I would like to get numbers from some board/connector people. I don't
> they need 500ps-600ps.
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Jscquake@aol.com [mailto:Jscquake@aol.com]
> Sent: 7. december 2000 03:10
> To: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
> Cc: email@example.com
> Subject: Re: cls51 PCS output timing
> Hello Henning, Stuart,
> If the 600ps is tight then the return path PMA to PCS is even tighter.
> is spec'd with a 500ps margin ...
> PMA output 1500-400=1100ps
> PCS setup 600ps
> total left for margin is 500ps
> The point of the asymmetry was to give more setup and hold for the CMOS
> PCS IC. I agree that we should hear from the system designers on this one.
> The place where we could cut back are
> 1) setup and hold for the PMA input (better technologies) ... change to
> 2) setup and hold for PCS (overly generous w/ 300ps?) ... change to 200ps
> as well ... this would make everything symmetric
> Total budget in both directions would be 1550-800=750ps for the board
> designer (connector and traces). Thoughts?
> I think I would put this out on the reflector?
> In a message dated 12/1/00 3:09:10 AM Pacific Standard Time,
> firstname.lastname@example.org writes:
> > Our CMOS designers have informed me that the PCS output timing is pretty
> > strict.
> > Looking at the numbers:
> > Period approx. 1.5ns (LAN mode)
> > PCS output data valid: 1100ps (1500ps - Tcq_min-Tcq-max, from table
> > PMA input valid requirement: 500ps (tsetup+thold, from table 51-4)
> > Margin for board and connectors: 600ps
> > I think we should get a realistic estimate from a system implementer on
> > required margin for the board before we finalize these numbers. If not,
> > end up putting tough restrictions on the PCS design for no appearant
Quake Technologies, Inc.
50 Airport Parkway, San Jose, CA. 95110
Tel: 408-437-7723 email: email@example.com
Fax: 408-437-4923 internet: www.quaketech.com