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Re: PSE vs. PD power dissipation again

Good summary.  There are two points I would like to add.

Start-up voltage:  Yair allows the PD to drop the line voltage below the start-up
threshold of 30 volts.  All the state machine for the resistor proposal have stated
that the PD should only draw power if the voltage is greater than start-up.  We can
allow this, but it creates a special start-up state.

Safety:  With Yair's proposal, the PSE can not distinguish between a fault and a
valid PD for the initial inrush time (50ms).  This requires the PSE to deliver over
1 joule before tripping.  With PD current limiting the energy can be a few
mili-joules.  This could allow some devices to survive.  See my message to Roger.


Dave Dwelley wrote:

> At the risk of repeating some of this discussion, let me summarize the
> PSE-PD dissipation issue as I see it. If I've made a mistake in any of the
> following points, please correct me!
> We seem to be split into two camps:
> Inrush limit by PD:
> - No dissipation in PSE, which means we can integrate multiple switches
> - Requires inrush circuit in PD = more $$ in PD (amount of $ subject to debate)
> - Puts power dissipation in PD FET always = bigger PD FET
> - Requires rapid overcurrent disconnect in PSE
> - A PSE with this design cannot power up a PD with no inrush limit
> Inrush limit by PSE:
> - Requires big FETs in the PSE to survive 500mA/100ms wire short
> - Can power any PD - with or without inrush protection
> - Dissipation can be in PSE, PD, or shared
> - Must allow extended over-current faults before turn-off - adds to PSE
> dissipation
> - Can power big PD cap faster (500mA vs 350) if the PSE is sized to
> dissipate the additional power
> We need to endorse only one of these two, since they have mutually
> exclusive features.
> Option 1 really only has one compelling feature, which is low watts in the
> PSE. We can integrate multiple option 1s in one chip. Multiple option 2s
> can't be integrated without some accommodation - sequential turn on,
> dynamically controlled current limit - something. There are secondary
> benefits to option 1 - it won't power up non-inrush-controlled PDs, which
> almost gets us the "second check" that Roger has been asking for, and it
> won't put a heavy load on a power-managed PSE for long durations during a
> wire short.
> Option 2 has some nice features, most notably the ability to power up
> nearly any PD. It can also ride out a brief short on the wire without
> disconnecting the PD. A minor downside is that the PSE power supply must
> absorb a fair-sized overload if a PD classified as a low power device (with
> power allocated thusly) suffers a wire short. If we chose option 2, we
> encompass a wider range of PD designs, including some very low cost
> options. But it limits the ability to integrate multiple channels down the
> road.
> As an IC designer, I naturally favor option 1 - I'd like to sell PSE chips
> with many integrated channels. As an engineer, I'm willing to weigh the
> pros and cons of each (including ones I haven't thought of yet) and vote
> for the best solution. Let's continue to air out the pros and cons until
> Don's vote - coming soon, right, Don?
> Dave
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